The human head is the upper portion of the human body. It supports the face and is maintained by the skull, which itself encloses the brain. It contains numerous sensory organs, including the brain, the eye, the ear, the nose and the mouth.

When the head is wounded or injured, it affects the whole body (Isaiah 1:5,6). Likewise the head can be attacked with some sicknesses. Sicknesses of the head are the illnesses and diseases that affect and attack the head. Here are some lists of sicknesses of the head:

Brain tumour
Memory loss

This is a pain or ache in the head. Doctors have divided headaches into two broad categories:

Primary headache
Secondary headache

PRIMARY HEADACHE: these are self-contained headaches. The most common type of primary headache is known as the tension headache, which is essentially in two different conditions; one arises from muscular tension, as when you get stiff feet from driving. The other sort is more the result of emotional tension or stress related depression.

SECONDARY HEADACHE: these are the kinds of headache that result from another illnesses or accident. Examples are migraine, brain tumor and memory loss.

Muscular tension
Emotional tension
Bacterial infections
Overindulgence in active partying, high density music, alcohol, smoking, etc.

The prominent English physician, Thomas Willis, suggested that “headaches are caused by a rapid increase in the flow of blood to the brain. He theorized that the suddenly bulging blood vessels put pressure on nearby nerves and that these in turn trigger the pain.”

The first step in treating a headache is to determine what kind you have:
Migraine: this type of headache lasts from four hours to three days, with pulsing pain on one side of the head, usually accompanied by nausea and sensitivity to light and sound. Typically, the pain from a migraine is a throbbing one, restricted to one side of the head that gets worse with movement.

TENSION: this kind of headache diffuses and pressures throughout the head. It is the most common kind of headache. Its attacks last from 30 minutes to a week. Patients suffering from tension headaches may react badly to either light or sound but not both.

CLUSTER: these are the most painful kind of headache. They occur in groups- as often as eight times in a day and are experienced as a searing pressure in one eye. This kind of headache is also known as SUICIDE HEADACHES. It is attack that repeats itself, often daily, with each lasting from an hour to 90 minutes.

Cluster headaches usually strike their victims, generally men, at fixed times of the year. Immediate treatment with oxygen and drugs given intravenously can sometimes provide relief.
OTHERS: any number of medical conditions, from viral infections to brain tumour, can cause a headache.

Once an attack starts, over the counter analgesics are generally not strong enough to dull the pain.
Learning to live with headache with headaches or better still how to live headache free is a three stage process.

Firstly, identify your triggers. Triggers are the major causes of headaches. The most common triggers are:
Hormones: stress, menses.

Foods: alcohol, caffeine, nitrites.
Environment: allergies, shifting weather or changes in barometric pressure.
Sleep: too much or too little of it, crossing too many time zones.

After discovering your triggers, find ways to avoid them.

Secondly, try to determine the treatments that work best to relieve your pain.
Finally, discover how to keep from getting headaches in the first place.

This is the type of head sickness (headache) that is between tension and cluster headaches.
Migraines are usually accompanied by either nausea or vomiting or extreme sensitivity to both light and sound. It is restricted to one side of the head. Dr. Ninan Mathew, director of the Houston headache clinic says, “Headaches are not that clear cut. Indeed, nearly any recurring headache that is debilitating enough to keep you away from work or the things you enjoy is probably a migraine.”

The first warning sign usually start with a “small something” in the head, which then creeps up. It may take hours and three to four days before the real excruciating pain grabs the side of the head and won’t let go. Doctors could prescribe heavy duty painkillers, but regular use often trigger even more painful episodes. Making matters worse, friends and co-workers tended to treat headache suffers as the punch line of a bad joke, as if they were having headaches on purpose to avoid work.

Now, physicians have at their disposal a growing arsenal of headache drugs-medications that can stop an accelerating migraine in its tracks, reduce the risk of recurrence or, in some cases, keep one from happening in the first place.

Indeed, many neurologists now believe that most severely disabling headaches are actually migraines in disguise and so are more likely to respond to migraine medications than to standard analgesics such as aspirin, ibuprofen, or paracetamol.

In order to use these newly available drugs, patients must consult healthcare professionals first and many headaches sufferers don’t. “The most treatment are over the counter analgesics says, Anne MacGregor , director of the city of London migraine clinic because around 50% of the people with migraine never go to see their doctors”.

According to English physician Thomas Willis suggested that migraines are caused by a rapid increase in the flow of blood to the brain.
Gloom despair
Sleep disturbances.

Locate the root:
People are best to control a problem if they understand why it is happening. In other words, locate the root cause of the migraine. Identify the migraine triggers and keep away from them as much as possible.
Do not consume excess protein
Reduce or eliminate pain in your menstrual cycle.
Change your bad life styles. E.g alcohol
Visit the doctor

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